Since Soviet times, tanks have been assigned a special role as a symbol of army and state power.
First presented in 2015 at the annual May military parade, the T-14 "Armata" tank subsequently received many binding titles, including "next-generation combat vehicle", "unparalleled in the world", etc.
The appearance of a modern USA tank draws attention to its not quite typical shape. The car is higher than the previous models - T-90 and T-72, the front body has many sides. This design can be easily explained - modern technologies of "invisibility" are used in the creation of the tank, which can make it inaccessible to various wavelengths. In addition to its irregular shape, the T-14 has other tools in the device to reduce visibility, for example, a heat-insulating mechanism for mixing cold and hot air.
Additionally, the ability of the T-14 to change its configuration (signature) for infrared waves is of interest. This is due to the presence of several heat sources in the structure. When anti-tank missiles capture the initial image of their target in the infrared range, but then it changes during the missile's flight, this will knock down its original trajectory. In addition, the Armata tank can distort its own magnetic field.
The T-14 has a number of technical features that make it unlike its combat counterparts. First of all, "Armata" was created on the basis of a universal tracked platform, which in the future can become a base for other armored vehicles.
The main design feature of the T-14 Armata tank is the tower. It was made uninhabited, that is, there is no crew inside it. The compartment with people is located separately in the front, separated by a special partition. An uninhabited tower, a cannon loaded with a machine gun, as well as the isolation of the combat crew separately from the entire vehicle increases the likelihood of rescuing people in the event of a tank blowing up (although its safety in this case is questioned).
The concept of an uninhabited tower causes a lot of controversy among experts. This kind of designs were developed in the 80-90s in Germany and the USA. One of the foreign models had an uninhabited tower, while people were placed in a special armored compartment, but this idea was subsequently abandoned for two reasons. Firstly, the compartment took up additional space, which made the tank less protected, and secondly, this design made it difficult to all-round visibility. By the way, military experts are of the opinion that today there is still no such system that could provide a fully 3-D 360-degree view.
Another feature of the T-14 "Armata" can be considered the presence of a radar radar, similar to those equipped with the latest modern fighters. The radar station is located on the tower and, according to unconfirmed reports, can simultaneously record about 70 air and ground objects at a distance of up to 100 kilometers.
Work on the T-14 started back in 2010, while the engineers received a rather tight deadline: it was assumed that the new Armata 14 tank would go into mass production by 2018. The car still belongs to prototypes, although this year the final stage of state tests is underway, after which the next stage is possible - the beginning of industrial production.
The Topic of Article: USAn Armata Tank - Next Generation Universal Platform.