How many awesome time travel films have been made! "Back to the Future", "The Butterfly Effect", "Ivan Vasilyevich Changes His Profession", etc. We have already discussed the full list of the best films in our extended top. And on the eve of the release of the top of the best series about time travel, we would like to expand on the theory of such travel.
We dare to assure that not everyone will like our arguments. But not because they will be incomprehensible or non-exhaustive. But because after such arguments, many may lose interest in films of similar subjects. In our article, we will describe in detail why the "Time Machine" is an impossible device in principle. And don't grin. Our arguments are tough, sober and scientific, but they are presented in simple language. Therefore, fasten your seat belts. It will be interesting!
From the point of view of the mobility of matter in the Universe
It is well known that the Universe is made of matter. At the expense of antimatter - not proven. We will also not extend to the account of unproven facts such as: "What happened before - energy or matter?", "Did our Universe appear from one big bang?" It doesn't matter here. This has nothing to do with our topic. But the very movement of matter in the Universe is related to it.
In relation to the rotation of the Earth around its axis
It is proved that all matter in our Universe moves. We also know from the lessons of natural history that in order to turn around its axis in a day, our planet has to rotate at a speed of 1675 km / h. The greatest speed in space is developed by material bodies located along the equator. Try spinning the ball and watch. Yes, really, it is.
What happens if you suddenly move a person to the past or future from a point located at the equator to a point in the temperate zone? Definitely, a person will somersault so that he will break his legs, arms, and walls, he will try, if he does not smear on them. Why? Yes, because the speed of bodies located at the latitude of the temperate zone will be less, and the person being moved will already have his own speed, which was given to him by the location in the equator.
What do we see in films? You can move to any point and you won't get anything for it. Believe me, it will be. Otherwise, the time machine should not only be able to move bodies in time and space (we will talk about movement in space a little later), but also be able to equalize the speed of the "time traveler" relative to the location on the globe.
In relation to the Earth's rotation around the Sun
Here speeds are even more serious. We also cannot physically track this speed, but we know that the seasons change. This means that the tilt of the earth's axis and its rotation around the sun in any way takes place.
Let's not pay attention to "flat-earth societies." If someone is dumber than a felt boot, that's their problem. We are talking with intelligent people.
And every reasonable person knows that in order to turn around the Sun in 365 days (per year), the Earth must fly in space very quickly. This speed is 30 km / s, or, if translated from seconds into hours - 108,000 km / h.
Now let's try to move the body one hour into the past. What will happen to the body? Upon completion of the jump, it will find itself in a vacuum, that is, in open space, since the Earth, together with its atmosphere, is already from here, as they say, “snatched away”.
Relative to other cosmic speeds and directions
It is well known that the solar system itself, together with its planets, the Kuiper and Oort belts, revolves around the central axis of our galaxy - the Milky Way. And this speed is much more serious than the speed of the Earth's revolution around the sun. And it is 40 a. that is, per year or 200 km / s.
Our galaxy also moves in the Universe. And she rushes along it with even greater speed. For example, it has been proven that soon (on a cosmic time scale) the Milky Way will hit the Andromeda Nebula galaxy. But that's not the point. The bottom line is that a body launched into the past for at least 10 minutes (let's say that this will be possible) forward or backward will remain far beyond its usual existence and will be forced to hang out in space as if it were restless. If it is a person, you understand what will happen to him. You can read more about thishere.
The concept of "movement in time-space"
This concept was invented by those who cut through the chip with the movement of matter in space. HG Wells himself did not think of this, but his followers simply could not help but get to it. So they came up with the idea that the "Time Machine", in order not to seem ridiculous, should also move its travelers in space.
Why is the theory crazy? Here's why. No small car, tied to a celestial body such as planet Earth, will be able to launch its pilot in space for many billions of kilometers.
For example, let's calculate at a glance how much distance in space a traveler will have to cover if he was pushed a thousand years ago. And we will count even without taking into account the constantly expanding Universe. Let's just calculate relative to the movement of the solar system around the center of the galaxy.
We know that our system covers a huge distance of 40 amu per year. e. For clarity - 1 a. That is, that is, the astronomical unit is equal to the distance from the Earth to the Sun, that is, 150 million kilometers. This means that in a year our system can “blow away” by 150,000,000 X 40=6,000,000,000 km. Who doesn't want to count zeros, say - there are 9 of them, that is, in a year we will find ourselves at a distance of 1 billion kilometers from this place.
And now think about how far you need to push a traveler so that he would be on Mother Earth 1000 years ago. We count: 6 billion multiplied by 1000 years, we get 6 trillion km. This is even further than the distance from the Sun to Pluto, the last planet of our system. And with all this, the movement takes place in a matter of moments or seconds (in extreme cases, minutes). Although even photons (that is, light) moving with the maximum speed in the universe of 300,000 km / s cover the distance to Pluto in more than 5 hours.
How is it complicated and what's so funny?
Something is constantly influencing the trajectory of movement of celestial bodies in space. The same cosmic winds, the gravity of other celestial bodies and other nuances. And all this should be calculated by the time machine, sending its traveler into the past or the future, with the greatest possible accuracy, and at the same time giving it its own special speed relative to the point of rotation of the planet around its axis. And all this should be calculated and done by a time machine, according to the authors of science fiction films and novels, instantly.
Now - what's so funny. Yes - everything, if you figure it out. First, it is completely incomprehensible how the threshold of the speed of light can be overcome. In our universe, the laws of physics do not accept higher speeds.
Secondly, even if we take into account that such a small unit as a time machine can “catapult” its operators, by the way - along with itself, through the “hyperspace” favorite by science fiction writers, then where is the convolution generator space?
After all, on space ships it is, at least, a reactor facility capable of generating such a terrible power impulse, due to which it is possible to pierce space. In films, however, movement in time is often organized by a simple bracelet on the wrist or a small gadget (simple examples are the series "Continuum" and the film "Ludiv Black-3").
Thirdly, pray tell, why then everyone travels in science fiction films across the galaxy on ships, if you can jump across the universe on catapults such as time machines? It's cheaper and more reliable, and you will never get lost in space if the hyperdrive dies. Such is the case.
Time machines, such as time capsules, outside of which time moves faster backward or forward
But not all time machines transfer their operators instantly. In the novel by H.G. Wells "The Time Machine" and in the film of the same name, based on it in 2002, with Guy Pearce in the title role, the car stood on the earth's surface while the days, nights, seasons were changing around, in a word, years, decades were running, centuries and millennia.
The absurdity here is that the time in the car always goes in a normal way. This means that the machine somehow speeds it up for everything outside of it (outside the operator's / traveler's cabin). No other is given. Yes. Here, in appearance, there is nothing to dig in. But this is only in appearance. Guy Pearce, who has gone thousands of years ahead in a few tens of minutes, has traveled a great distance not only in time.
Imagine how many billions of kilometers in space the solar system has covered over these millennia? And what happens? Guy Pearce in a matter of minutes still covered cosmic distances, this time in parsecs. That is, he moved in space at a speed several times higher than the speed of light. And this, excuse me, is complete nonsense. Even for its mirrored turntables and some kind of energy cocoon.
A body with mass cannot reach the speed of light - in principle. He simply does not have enough energy to disperse such an object that has infinitely increased in its mass. This is the backbone of all the basics.
In terms of the distribution of matter in the universe
Now let's try to figure out what time is from a material point of view. Let's not go into the jungle, here's a simple example.
Consider one extremely short moment in time. What does it mean? And it means that at this moment all matter in the universe was distributed in this way, and not in any other way. At another moment (next) the distribution of matter in the universe will be different. Molecules will move some distance, and the next kind of "chronoscision" will already differ in everything from the previous one. And so on, moment by moment. Which, alternating one after another, create our time.
So, to go back some time, we need what? Nothing at all, just to return all matter in the universe to the state and position that it occupied at that moment. But not only matter. It is also necessary in the same order and in the same grid to return to each particle its energy, its accelerations and other energy filling. Interesting. How do you imagine this? Could such a scanty local device as a time machine do such things with the entire infinite universe and with all matter distributed over it? Alas and oh, this is ridiculous.
And this we have considered only the theory of returning to the past. What if you want to travel to the future? This by itself must imply that it already existed once, and your machine must know (from where?) All the data about the given "chronoslice" to which you are going to move yourself. Moreover, the machine, as shown in the films, performs a global redistribution of masses in the entire universe at a time and in a matter of seconds. But the farther the "chrono-slice" is, the more difficult it is to return the matter of the universe to the desired position.
And if you consider that in myriads of suns as a result of nuclear reactions, countless masses of other other substances are continuously split and converted into other substances, how, excuse me, can your machine return everything to square one? Do some kind of reverse nuclear reaction? What about black holes? What about the countless myriads of tons of substances they absorb? The machine will have to pull out all of them and recreate the holes in the desired mass. After all, she (and - in a matter of moments) needs to recreate exactly that “chronoscision” in which matter in the universe was distributed exactly like this, and not in another way, otherwise it will not be that “time”, or it will be (Ha!) “Defective "!
Of course, these are only those arguments that anyone who is not skilled in physics will understand. And he will understand, for some reason, only after reading this article. And after reading it, he will think: "Why have I not thought about this before." And thinking ... Never stop watching films about time travel. After all, believing in fairy tales is in people's blood!
So, next week, wait for the new top of the best time travel series!
In the meantime, all the best to you, and, as always, more cool films!
The Topic of Article: Time travel: reality or the delusion of a madman?.